Linda Gottfredson (1981) outlined the theory of career development and career choice, characterized by one of the "delineation and compromise". He sees career choice as a developmental path. This means that he feels that career prosperity grows within the individual as they grow up in their families and societies … but focuses on the restrictive effects of socialization in defining career opportunities.
is a self-pronouncement, more precisely the origin and boundaries of the self-concept of individuals, the image of who they are both in private and inward … and from outside on others and suggests that career choice is largely based on social identity. She feels that social identity is divided into three areas: Masculinity / Femininity, Personal interest and Prestige. His theory emphasizes the processes of socialization and cultural learning that start life very early to create a person's vision of who power is in the world and what kind of work the men and women usually do. He notes that a very young child takes on an attitude of respect or dismissal of people and jobs, depending on the lifestyle of adults, so that cultural socialization determines the appropriate sexual behavior of children and which professions can be considered a prestige
. Personal interests are important, but the first two categories promote or undermine the culturally tolerable boundaries. In addition, he suggests that testing the reality and available options suggest that career opportunities are available.
Many people get into the workforce, aware of the extent to which these historical and social influences have contributed. As a result, when they reach the plateau or the deadlock in their careers, they suddenly feel uncomfortable and wonder how they got to this place. Suddenly, they may be in doubt as to the wisdom or suitability of career choice and there may be good reasons why the original path feels too overpowering or, as Gottfredson says, "confined".
Their living conditions may have expanded their horizons over the constraints imposed on entering the labor market. They now find that they live in a world that is moving towards a wider and more inclusive definition of appropriate gender work. For other individuals, the "prestige" of the sought after individuals may still be dissatisfied at a deeper level.
At these points, career development and personal development can coincide, and in a larger area, you can choose and develop more advanced skills, new challenges, or new directions in order to rearrange the next part of their work.
Gottfredson, Linda S. (1981). Roundabout and Compromise: Developing theory of occupational aspirations. Journal of Counseling Psychology. . 28 (6), pp. 545-579.