Elderly dementia may have a significant functional disadvantage that can affect people in their home, especially if they live alone their independence and safety . This may include basic self-care needs, such as hygiene, bathing, dressing, and so on. the difficulty of medication according to the daily schedule; preparing and eating proper meals; the risk of an escalating decline due to coordination, weakness and bad security awareness; difficulties in communication skills, etc. Dementia can also change personality, psychosis, and weird thinking; and many other problems, both subtle and obvious.
Although most people are familiar with Alzheimer's dementia (AD), there are dementia that may affect older adults. This includes vascular dementia, inflammatory dementia, Lewey's dementia and Frontotemporal dementia. Those with other primary disorders, such as Parkinson's or stroke, may develop some dementia at certain points. Dementia is generally considered to be mild, moderate or severe. When AD is diagnosed with someone younger, say, 65 years of age, progression will be faster and more severe than 80 years of age and only diagnosis of the disease. The CT system often reveals whether there are significant brain areas associated with multiple infarction or vascular dementia in the brain.
It is important to know what type of dementia you suffer and if you have any medicines for the disorder. Often, older adults in the home do not seek a doctor or neurologist to get an accurate diagnosis and receive the right medication, which makes home lifestyle more difficult; for both the person and the caretaker, if any.
One of the features of the AD is the difficulty of language and communication skills. People with AD may have difficulty communicating with and communicating with others. Socialization may be withdrawn and reduced. They may be depressed because they recognize that their intellectual abilities have decreased. Sometimes the doctor prescribes antidepressants that can also alleviate some of the symptoms of their dementia.
Some of the cognitive components needed to perform functional tasks include adequate long and short term memory, adequate insight and security awareness, sequencing capabilities, ability to stay focused, sufficient judgment and problem solving skills, and a higher level executive function abilities. The executive function means the ability to design and execute a series of tasks to achieve the desired result. It is a complex mental ability that integrates various cognitive abilities; which people with dementia struggle with. For example, cooking a baking requires the ability to preheat the oven, collecting and mixing all the ingredients in the right amount, knowing the oven is hot enough, knowing when it is on the cake and safely removing the oven from the right time. People with dementia may have difficulty in having a number of functional components that are required to make all of these steps in the right order to produce the desired outcomes. When mental abilities decline, elderly people have a greater risk The decline in physical health associated with cognitive impairment due to poor dietary habits and malnutrition, poor hygiene and self-care skills may be more likely to result in a lack of prescribed medications, blood sugar levels no control – if there are diabetics and many other health problems
Some basic home adaptation can include security : hand rails on stairs, well-lit rooms and staircases, poisonous objects are kept or locked, carpet rugs, rugs with low carpets, no mess in the walkways of the homes, limiting up or down the stairs, such as laundry, car key p, if this is a problem (this is often a difficult question for people with dementia get the identification bracelet if it is prone to migrating, a gateway to prevent them from sinking into the basement and other applications
For mild to moderate dementias who live at home, there are tips that can be useful to the individual and the family / carer (the level of care is determined by the severity of dementia):
- It is important for the individual to receive a proper diagnosis that can be obtained from a neurologist and provides sufficient medication. It is vital for the carer to take care of them and to ensure that the medicines are taken daily. If there are no families who can help, then maybe someone from the church or from the local top center can help someone. Someone from Agence Aging can also look into their well-being if they do not have a family member responsible for them.
- Medicines were released from daily tablets. So the caretaker can make sure that you are taking medication every day. You can call someone who knows someone every day, then check them out and remind them if they live alone.
- Daily meals provide at least one hot meal daily. This may not be enough, but it may help to ensure that certain nutrition is ensured.
- A local home nursing home can be secured as a "home delivery" to stay with each other every day and help with their daily work. They are available as many hours as possible. This can sometimes be expensive, but sometimes you can lower a price if you spend a certain hour a week.
- If a person is inducing incontinence, wear them with comfortable disposable shorts and elastic leg ligaments. This prevents accidents from occurring. Take care of them every second or three hours during the day. At night, a wet alarm on the mattress can be used to remind the person to change the damp cloth.
- Provide a lot of physical activity, such as daily walks. This is not just for their physical well-being, but it has also been shown that daily walks also provide mental stimulation.
- A person participates every day in mentally stimulating activities, such as social games, card games, and so on. tasks that require interaction and some problem solving. Television is the least stimulating for people with dementia, but sometimes it just wants to do it. The problem with the television is that the viewer does not require interaction or response, which is the same problem with toddlers. One must contribute to the environment to be sufficient as mental stimulation.
- Let the person do as much as possible; such as washing, grooming, etc. Some dementia people enjoy their hands and hold objects; things you want to manipulate, etc. The retired technician might have used nuts and screws for housewives who enjoyed sewing or knitting, maybe a ball yarn could also be used. There is no restriction on what can be tried; as long as the batteries are not sharp, easy to swallow, crack, and so on.
- Be aware that people with moderate dementia are getting more and more excited later in the afternoon and should not be over-stimulated during this time. Sometimes the sleepwalkers help to calm them down. Even medication interval changes can help keep you calm in the afternoon.
- Keep in mind that medicines can affect the level of alertness. Allow the doctor to know any side effects that affect the person's ability to function. Cognitive medicines must be at some level (titrated) to be effective. Too little medication does not help them and can cause undesirable side effects in too many cases.
- Consider joining the Alzheimer's Local Chapter. It's a great resource for the customer and the family / caretaker.