So you think you want to create a career where you can work with reptiles and amphibians. If this is the case then this article is for you. Why did I write an article about getting it easy to get it? First of all, there are many who come into contact with zoos, museums and websites that have just asked this question. While there are some booklets that deal briefly with the issue (ASIH, no date, SSAR, 1985), few other published resources are available (Barthel (2004), Sprackland and McKeown, 1995, 1997, Sprackland, 2000). There are guidelines for access to the biological academic world (Janovy, 1985), but these tend to focus on career opportunities in the university world, while the field of biology is much wider than herpetology or even organization. This article therefore provides professional colleagues with a resource that helps them respond to specific customer questions.
Secondly, many people do not hold a career in herpetology or zoology until they reach the level where it has become apparent that their collections have grown up their personal resources. Or I would like to extend their relationship with the great reptiles in a zoological park environment or perhaps want to participate in meaningful field or laboratory studies. The ranks of this group include many experienced and competent herpetic cultures, and form a large group of people seeking information on "professional intervention".
Career Opportunities I: The Private Sector
There are likely to be more payment options than zoological parks and academia, although it can be said that relatively few private sector jobs will pay a living wage. Of the "private sector" jobs are those that receive commercial, profit-oriented businesses. Typical jobs include animal breeders, animal traders, breeders, performers and writers. For most such positions, success is largely based on experience and knowledge – from any source – and is based less on formal university education. Some remarkable herpetologists came from the rankings of the private sector, including Lawrence Klauber, Constantine Ionides, E. Ross Allen, Steve Irwin and Hans-Georg Horn, as well as breeders of the most modern reptiles.
there are usually two ways in the private sector. First you can work for someone who owns a reindeer-related business. Payment in these situations varies, and is more based on the financial situation of business than any other experience. Perhaps the more financially profitable way is to operate your own business. Many commercial breeders start with the specialization of a species (such as leopard gecko) or a genus (eg rats / maize snakes). From here you can handle other types or stay a specialist, and you can share your personal passion for exotic reptiles with your own collection.
There are also herpetological supply companies, school lecturers and nutritious food suppliers who have other options. Most importantly, any of these companies work to handle them as a serious business. Take some business classes or buy some good books about making a business plan (essential for borrowing) and running a small business. Take advantage of the free consulting services provided by business consultants or the US Government's Service Corps of Retired Executives, where experienced business people look at business plans and loan applications, discuss accounting and inventory control and are available in a number of ways that make it easier make life and business more likely to succeed.
Career Opportunities II: Zoological Parks
Once it is true that if you are willing to spell cages and apprentices under the "old timer", you can get the job in the most prestigious zoos. The XX. However, in the last third of the century, many factors in the zoological parks have drastically changed. Operating costs, including wages and salaries, public utility services, insurance, animal costs and increased competition for dollar visitors, made everything necessary to modernize operations and provide qualified personnel from the time of the rental. People who would like to work in animal health classes were routinely expected to have completed two-year work in biology, animal husbandry or zookeeper training. Now there is a much greater chance that the zoo wants new workers in basic education and has some years of experience as a zoo volunteer or part-time. The transition to management may require mastery.
Why are you focusing on university qualifications? There are a number of reasons and we will examine it in detail. First of all, of course, many employers see completion of a bachelor's degree as an indicator of their ability to have a long-term project, all up and down and finish. A college college of some colleges offering such study courses is a much more practical (or "practical") time in a small zoo that a student can acquire in a traditional university environment. The two-year course is robust and potential zookeepers along the world of the zoo, care of bird and big mammals, administration and administrative tasks with a wide spectrum of career opportunities. The more traditional and popular four-year university diploma has few practical zoo experiences but offers a wide variety of English language skills (good communication skills are expected from new employees), mathematics, history, Western civilization, philosophy, chemistry, physics , biology and various optional or optional courses. In the four-year program, Zoology is less focused, so a candidate with "hard" hardness is a well-rounded individual with a solid background in science and capable of making a long-term project that does not seem to have a direct impact on the ultimate goal.
The second reason why a strong college background is needed for leasing new zookeeper is that animals will become more expensive to acquire, maintain, and exchange. The zoo is a leader with the right to expect modern guards to know much more about the anatomy, physiology, behavior and illnesses of the animals they will be responsible for. An animal keeper is the first action line to preserve and recognize the health of animals if something is wrong and the more skilled a livestock worker, the better it is to handle responsibility. The college teaches students how to research and the working zookeeper needs to use library, on-line or professional contact points to get the information they need for animal welfare.
Breeding was once a rare and highly advanced achievement of some zoos, and then only large, usually mammals. The pre-1965 efforts often referred to so-called "postal stamp collections" where zoos would try to obtain a copy of more species. With the introduction of the United States Lacey Act, the Law on Endangered Species and the beginning of CITES, zoos were limited in the mid 1960s to acquire new animals. It was quickly fashionable, responsible, and tax-oriented in order to become familiar with the variety of species and use offspring to fill zoo collections. In the pioneering days of captivity, physiology, reproductive biology, and zookeepers dealing with the natural sciences of animals had a decisive advantage over other stockbreeders. Such staff have become vital for the success of many zoo quests, helping recruit new staff in a more solid and diverse background of biology science.
Thirdly, many zoos have been subject to increased scrutiny by both the general public and they want to be sure that the zoo's mission is actually realized and the groups that keep every animal in captivity. Today's zookeeper needs to know how to educate the public about the needs of animals and the important role of well-functioning animal parks. Such a zookeeper is an indispensable part of having a broad view of the mission, coupled with exceptional speech and / or writing skills. Every animal keeper is an animal for the animals and the value of the zoo for the visitor. Employers often demonstrate their ability to handle these tasks by training at the university.
Career Opportunities III: Academia
The academic world offers many things, but it also makes significant demands. Applications within this section include university positions, almost all of which have teaching responsibilities and research, and small number of curators in museums. In order to enter any of these areas, the candidate must have a doctorate (Ph.D.) doctor, and most of the work now requires that you also maintain postdoctoral positions. Since the mid-1990s, quite a lot of discussions have taken place to create a new postdoctoral doctor. but most critics claim that by the time a student reaches this grade, they will face the retirement age.
An academic herpetologist can have the greatest freedom of personal interest, especially in the museum, but even there, work requires the expertise and skills that go beyond the reptiles' study. The university and museum specialists apply as professors or as assistant curators. They will have the task of setting up a research program that is supported by support programs and that they need to receive with limited institutional support. Acquiring support means that a solid research proposal, excellent writing and budgeting skills, and resources guarantee the promised results if they are funded. Your employer may also expect a number of expert opinions from you (those that appear in scientific or technical journals). If you meet these goals after 3-7 years, depending on your employer, you may be able to offer a promotion to associate a professor or associate curator and possessor. Possession means that apart from the extremely serious breach of responsibility, you have a job in your life.
But this is not as easy as described in the previous paragraph. You will also need to serve the committees, submit institutional projects, and create some kind of relationship with the wider community. All these tasks are intended to give you the opportunity to be considered as the authority of the subject and to prepare for increased responsibilities in the future. Your success or failure will also consider whether it is professional or not. In addition, the university faculty are expected to be taught, which means they will basically have two separate jobs.
College education is not all and is a well-designed and carefully planned step in the entry slots with increasing tuition fees and associated costs each year (Sprackland, 1990). For those who are still in high school – or for parents whose children want to prepare for a herpetological career – I offer some basic advice on how to prepare for the college. The sooner you can start your efforts, the better you need three good years for the right type of high school courses to seriously consider getting a good university. Choose a college prep route and take three or more years of math (algebra, geometry, algebra II and calculus), three laboratory-based sciences (biology, chemistry and physics) and work excel in English, especially in the formulation. You need to find dormitories in high school grades. Find out which schools offer degrees and interests; Not all schools offer zoological avenues, and those who do not, not all courses offered by herpetology. Start reading one of the most important scientific journals (Copeia, Herpetologica, and Journal of Herpetology) and see how the authors are interested in you. Each scientific document contains the title of the author and almost universally an e-mail address.
If you find the authors you want to contact, please do so. Write a short courteous letter that shows you yourself and expressed your interest in studying herpetology. Ask information about the author's university, about the courses, the degree offerings, and the admissions requirements. Design early because entry requirements are slightly different between universities
If you decide to go through college or college college, there are differences in the process of what you can do to get into a four-year school. You do not have to have the same high school high school entrance into a community dormitory, and your entry requirements do not change from one to minors. There is little difference between the students in the first two years of the college, whether in community or four-year dormitories, and in many cases the former is a better education agreement. Why? As opposed to four-year colleges, community colleges do not employ graduate students. The faculty has almost mastered at least masters degree and years of experience as an instructor and has a significant potential benefit for the students.
After enrolling at a community college, two objectives must be fulfilled if, finally, a solid bachelor or higher degree. First, you must register for courses that get credit for the four year school you want to participate in. If this is not possible, some universities do not recognize the appropriate college college education, you can choose an alternative university for your chosen four year school or directly. Second, take every course as seriously as you can. An average job, especially for science, math and English compositional courses. Do not waste your time at the community college, assuming this is a simple alternative to a four-year school; this is rarely the case. There are many community college education leaders in their own area. Late Albert Schwartz was an herpetologist who probably did more than any other zoologist to study and document the herpetic fauna of the Caribbean islands. Throughout his career, Schwartz taught only a community college. Several excellent herpetologists are doing this even today.
When do you apply for a university, you must apply for a Bachelor's degree in Arts or Science? There is a small difference, though few students (or graduates) know what it is. On the BS (Bachelor of Science) level, almost every course is defined by the university plan. You need special classes and have very little choice. The College of Art (BA) is more liberal; there are still a significant number of courses required, but there is much greater room for choice in the optional classes. Since my interests were so broad on university days that I wanted to study paleontology, Latin, philosophy and zoology, I chose the BA program. If I had taken BS, I would not have taken such a class and I did it in four years.
Graduate School and Post Graduate Options
The doctoral school is definitely not for everyone, though it is absolutely necessary if you want to be an academic career or job as a senior animal breeder. Collectors and zoos usually choose master courses that offer up-to-date courses and offer you the opportunity to undertake a project or activity that directly influences your advanced career prospects. Doctoral degree research qualification, ie the recipient, was prepared for the original studies. This is a professorship and a curatorial post. The overwhelming majority of people who design a doctoral degree do not need to get master degrees on the go
Master's programs involve 18-month and three-year full-time efforts and work on a number of courses, some research or as a research assistant in a lab and often a written dissertation based on library or research need. Some Master's programs require you to either work as a research assistant or as a teaching assistant to supervise laboratory sessions. Doctoral programs in the United States start like a master's course, with departments, laboratories or educational tasks. When the qualification exam is completed, the student becomes a candidate for the degree and works on an original research project, which is eventually formulated as a thesis. If the dissertation evaluates the faculty examination, the Ph.D. is awarded. US doctoral programs usually have a full-time five-year full-time job, and then the herpetologically oriented graduate has a terrible job market. If you want a PhD, go ahead and find it, but do not assume this is a guarantee for academic work. In the particularly tight labor market of the 1980s and 1990s, my contemporaries joked that Ph.D. was a "Pizza Hut Delivery". (It seemed a little good because we had survived the postgraduate school by making astronomical figures for Pizza Hut pizzas in our lab, now the "hut" could pay for it!)
If you decide to enroll in a postgraduate school, more than a year before you planned a Master's degree or two or three years of Ph.D. read the magazines, attend conferences, and find out where the people you would be compatible with would be your new colleague. Whose research can complement yours and help you by having it? Make sure these relationships are up early and make sure there are people who will provide you when these valuable jobs become available.
IV. CAREER OPTIONS: MIXED
Maybe none of the previous categories apply to your interest. This still leaves a large number of potential careers that can work at least with nets. Most people need college education, although job submissions often mean that "master degree favors". The choices include:
Federal and State Wildlife Agencies of government biology states sometimes allow herpetopsy to be studied. Clear agencies include fish and wildlife, wildlife and environmental services. At the same time, biological work is carried out by the American geological survey, forestry services, sometimes military research (US Army and Navy run long serpentine research facilities)
Teacher – both general and high school teachers have many children's knowledge in the natural world . In a number of states, a teacher needs to have a content, such as biology or zoology, while other states accept the applicants who have their diploma in education.
Community College Teacher – As higher education institutions have increased their dependence on lower paid part-time teachers (who generally do not receive healthcare or retirement benefits), the rows of timers have exploded. While working conditions are extremely varied, part-time employees expect limited or missing university office space, lack of qualifications and the same teaching tasks as full-time colleagues, but hourly wages are 40-70%. The rare, full-time market in this market is much more attractive and does not carry any research, support, or "publicity-destroying" tasks. In general, the candidate needs mastering in teaching biology, teaching experience, and general combinations of biology, microbiology, anatomy and physiology.
obtained at least part of the herpetologist from a commercial brochure. Choose a niche, such as writing herpetology, or wider than a certain animal health, to get started. Financial success ultimately depends on reliability, excellent writing skills, and reaching a wider audience. The more biological or scientific issues you can cover, the greater your potential income. Though herpetology is my great passion, I have also appeared in education, philosophy, submicron electronics, nonmetal leaders, evolution, poison research and history.
Photographer / Illustrator – The writer needs to reach a wide audience, including photography or illustrator. Only a few of these specialists, if any, only illustrate the reptiles; animal safety and general nature photography are more secure.
Veterinarian – It's a safe area if you do not plan to think only of reptiles. Like a graduate school, there are usually serious academic obstacles and open-minded competition (there are fewer medical schools than medical schools).
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